• TBIP

  • The state Transitional Bilingual Education Program (TBIP) and federal Title III address the unique needs of eligible students, who come from linguistically and culturally diverse backgrounds. Both programs share the same goal: develop language proficiency that enables meaningful access to grade level curricula and instruction.  OSPI has many resources available to learn more about program models, guidelines, law and data.

    Program Models

    Yakima School District has two program models:

    1.  Transitional Bilingual Education/Early Exit:  The district has 3 elementary schools that use the Early Exit model: Adams Elementary, Barge-Lincoln Elementary, and Garfield Elementary.  Students receive graduated levels of native language instruction as a foundation to support English language development.  Students move to full English-only instruction within three years.

    2.  Sheltered Instruction:  Yakima School District is considered a Sheltered Instruction District.  Sheltered Instruction integrates English language development with academic content learning using English as the language of instruction.  Teachers use instructional strategies to support both English language development and academic grade-level content.

    When a student exits TBIP on the annual English language proficiency test, the student may or may not continue to be served in a TBE model. However, once the student exits TBIP based on the annual English language proficiency test, they are no longer counted for TBIP funding. Such exited students would then be counted as "Exited TBIP Students" for up to two years after scoring at exit level on the annual English language proficiency test. Refer to the guidelines on reporting and serving TBIP-eligible Exited Students


    In state law, TBIP is a program within Washington’s Basic Education Act — Chapter 28A.180 RCW. The federal Title III program supports supplemental instruction and services for language acquisition.