Strategy 1: Predict/Infer
Use this strategy before and during reading to help make predictions about what happens next or what you’re going to learn.
Here’s how to use the Predict/Infer Strategy:
- Think about the title, the illustrations, and what you have read so far.
- Tell what you think will happen next – or what you will learn. Thinking about what you already know on the topic might help.
- Try to figure out things the author does not say directly.
Strategy 2: Phonics/Decoding
Use this strategy during reading when you come across a word you don’t know.
Here’s how to use the Phonics/Decoding Strategy:
- Look carefully at the word.
- Look for word parts you know and think about for the sounds for letters.
- Blend the sounds to read the words.
- Ask yourself: Is this a word I know? Does it make sense in what I am reading?
- If not, ask yourself: What else can I try? Should I look in a dictionary?
Strategy 3: Monitor/Clarify
Use this strategy during reading whenever you’re confused about what you are reading.
Here’s how to use the Monitor/Clarify Strategy:
- Ask yourself if what you’re reading makes sense – or if you are learning what you need to learn.
- If you don’t understand something, reread, use the illustrations, or read ahead to see if that helps
Strategy 4: Question
Use this strategy during and after reading to ask questions about important ideas in the story.
Here’s how to use the Question Strategy:
- Ask yourself questions about important ideas in the story.
- Ask yourself if you can answer these questions.
- If you can’t answer the questions, reread and look for answers in the text. Thinking about what you already know and what you’ve read in the story may help you.
Strategy 5: Evaluate
Use this strategy during and after reading to help you form an opinion about what you read.
Here’s how to use the Evaluate Strategy:
- Tell whether or not you think this story is entertaining and why.
- Is the writing clear and easy to understand?
- This is a realistic fiction story. Did the author make the characters believable and interesting?
Strategy 6: Summarize
Use this strategy after reading to summarize what you read.
Here’s how to use the Summarize Strategy:
- Think about the characters.
- Think about where the story takes place.
- Think about the problem in the story and how the characters solve it.
- Think about what happens in the beginning, middle, and end of the story.